Karnataka (3.9 lakh), Uttar Pradesh (3.0 lakh), west Bengal (2.4 lakh) and Madhya Pradesh (2.0 lakh) are other states having large Buddhist population. Awadhi cuisine is from the city of Lucknow. assisting the Minister and the Additional Chief Secretary/Principal Secretary. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Uttar Pradesh in 2011 is 199,812,341 (19.98 Crore) Uttar Pradesh, the most populous and fourth largest state of India, which lies in the north-central part of the country. [272][273] Around 42 per cent of pregnant women, more than 1.5 million, deliver babies at home. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Firozabad in 2011 is 604,214; of which male and female are 319,415 and 284,799 respectively. E.g., the language of Allahabad is often classified today as Awadhi, but, its actually a mix of several surrounding dialects, including Awadhi and Bundelkhandi. in Central Rohilkhand a mix of Awadhi and Khari boli is spoken, while in Eastern Rohilkhand, Awadhi is the dialect. {{quickbar |image=Taj Mahal 2012.jpg |location=Uttar Pradesh in India (disputed hatched).svg |flag=Flag of Uttar Pradesh.png |capital=Lucknow |government=Indian State |currency=Indian rupee (INR) |area=243,286 km2 |population=199,581,477(2011 est.) [130] Estimates released by the Reserve Bank of India for the year 2011–12 revealed that Uttar Pradesh had 59 million people below the poverty line, the most for any state in India. Millions gather at Allahabad to take part in the Magh Mela festival on the banks of the Ganges. [221], The state has the largest railway network in the country but in relative terms has only sixth-highest railway density despite its plain topography and largest population. There is low relative humidity of around 20% and dust-laden winds blow throughout the season. One of them is Agra Lucknow Expressway, which is a 302 km (188 mi) controlled-access highway constructed by Uttar Pradesh Expressways Industrial Development Authority[230] (UPEIDA) to reduce vehicular traffic in previously congested roads. [139], The state is governed by a parliamentary system of representative democracy. [164][148][165], Politics in Uttar Pradesh has been dominated by four political parties, the Samajwadi Party, the Bahujan Samaj Party, the Indian National Congress, and the Bharatiya Janata Party. Over 16% of the nation’s total population resides in Uttar Pradesh.. State Size Population Density. [195] About 70% of India's sugar comes from Uttar Pradesh. It has rich forests, cutting across it are innumerable streams which swell into raging torrents during the monsoon. Find Uttar Pradesh UP Caste Religion Wise population Demographics of Uttar Pradesh 2018 2019, General Caste List, Yadavs in UP, Dalits, Brahmins in Uttar Pradesh Religion wise population, Uttar Pradesh Population, Uttar Pradesh Population and Census, Religion in UttarPradesh, Uttar Pradesh Basic Information, Uttar Pradesh Hindu Muslim SC ST Yadav Brahmin Population Percentage, … [235][236] Two more international airports have been proposed to be built at Kushinagar and Jewar, Greater Noida. The battle of Kurukshetra, folio from the Mahabharata, Devotees inside Krishna temple during Lathmaar holi, Paan, (betel leaves) being served with silver foil. In 2011 there were total 222403 families residing in Sant Ravidas Nagar district. List of all Tehsils in Sant Ravidas Nagar District of Uttar Pradesh. [69] The first in the eastern tract consisting of 14 districts which are subject to periodical floods and droughts and have been classified as scarcity areas. Awadhi cuisine is world-famous for dishes such as kebab, biryani, keema and nihari. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of over 199.5 million people on 1 March 2011. [99] These forests are confined to areas which have low annual rainfall (50–70 cm), a mean annual temperature of 25–27 °C and low humidity. Deoband Tehsil of Saharanpur district has total population of 514338 as per the Census 2011. Bird sanctuaries in the state include Bakhira Sanctuary, National Chambal Sanctuary, Chandra Prabha Sanctuary, Hastinapur Sanctuary, Kaimoor Sanctuary, and Okhla Sanctuary. [232] Uttar Pradesh has the highest road density in India, (1,027 km per 1000 km2) and the largest surfaced urban-road network in the country (50,721 km). Meerut is the sports capital of India and also a jewellery hub. [209][210] MSME sector is the second-largest employment generator in Uttar Pradesh, the first being agriculture and employs over 9.2 million people across the state. [148][162] Subordinate Judicial Service, categorised into two divisions viz. As Uttar Pradesh goes to the polls, ... Uttar Pradesh elections: caste and religion are mere distractions. It covers 240,928 km2 (93,023 sq mi), equal to 7.34% of the total area of India, and is the fourth-largest Indian state by area. Uttar Pradesh is a state located in northern India.With a population of 199,812,314 as of 2011 - it is the most populous state in the Republic of India. [7] Uttar Pradesh has the largest scheduled caste population whereas scheduled tribes are less than 1 per cent of the total population. Greater Noida Cricket Stadium is another newly built international cricket stadium with a capacity of around 20,000 spectators. [6][7], Population count for each district (with percentages[i]) as per 2011 Census.[4]. The state is also experiencing widening consumption inequality. The red area has a smaller population. Uttar Pradesh has a large public as well as private healthcare infrastructure. Though long known for sugar production, the state's economy is now dominated by the services industry. For Literacy rate, population aged 7 and above only is considered in India. [148] The Subordinate judicial service (viz. Domestic tourist most commonly visit for religious purposes while foreign tourist visit for ghats along river Ganges. [59] The state has provided nine of India's prime ministers, including current Prime Minister Narendra Modi who is MP from Varanasi, which is more than any other state and is the source of the largest number of seats in the Lok Sabha. [75], Uttar Pradesh has a humid subtropical climate and experiences four seasons. Uttar Pradesh is known for its extensive avifauna. [67][68] The sluggish rivers of the bhabhar deepen in this area, their course running through a tangled mass of thick undergrowth. Khayal is a form of semi-classical singing which comes from the courts of Awadh. In the other two sub-regions of UP, viz., Awadh and Purvanchal too, there exist a wide variation in the dialects spoken. [199] The UPFC also provides working capital to existing units with a sound track record and to new units under a single window scheme. [204] The GSDP is estimated to have grown 7 per cent in 2017-18 and 6.5 per cent in 2018-2019 which is about 10 per cent of India’s GDP. Inside view of the new airport terminal building. [194] As per the report generated by Indian Sugar Mills Association (ISMA), total sugarcane production in India was estimated to be 28.3 million tonnes in the fiscal ending September 2015 which includes 10.47 million tonnes from Maharashtra and 7.35 million tonnes from Uttar Pradesh[196], State industries are localised in the Kanpur region, the fertile purvanchal lands and the Noida region. [76] The winter in January and February is followed by summer between March and May and the monsoon season between June and September. [32], Parts or all of Uttar Pradesh were ruled by the Delhi Sultanate for 320 years (1206–1526). [142] The state contributes 80 seats to the lower house of the Indian Parliament, Lok Sabha and 31 seats to the upper house of the Indian Parliament, Rajya Sabha. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Mirzapur District as per Census 2011 [186][187][188] Another blast occurred on 7 December 2010, the blast occurred at Sheetla Ghat in Varanasi in which more than 38 people were killed and several others injured. Divisional Commissioner, an IAS officer is the head of administration on the divisional level. In 1803, following the Second Anglo-Maratha War, when the British East India Company defeated the Maratha Empire, much of the region came under British suzerainty. C1 – Population by religious community, Uttar Pradesh. The Mughalsarai is home to a number of major locomotive plants. [174] Based on sub-national human development index data for Indian states from 1990 to 2017, the report also stated that the value of human development index in Uttar Pradesh has steadily increased over time from 0.39 in 1990 to 0.59 in 2017. Traditional folk music in Uttar Pradesh has been categorised in three different ways including music transmitted orally, music with unknown composers and music performed by custom. Many communities have their own particular style of cuisines, such as the Jains, Kayasths and Muslims. Only 3 districts of Jaunpur, Azamgarh and Deoria have a sex ratio greater than 1000 while Gautam Buddha Nagar stands lowest in the tally with a very low ratio of 851. [289] Ganga Mahotsav festival of Kartik Poornima celebrated fifteen days after Diwali. A typical festive thali consists of Puri, Kachauri, sabji, pulav, papad, raita, salad and desserts (such as sewai or Kheer). Although an extensive network of public and private sector healthcare providers has been built, the available health infrastructure is inadequate to meet the demand for health services in the state. newkerala.com Online News", "Ethnologue report for language code: bfy", "Benaras Gharana, traditional style and way of teaching and performing Indian classical music", "The glorious traditions and mythological legacy", "Yummy: 29 Scrumptious Thalis From 29 States Of India", "Style statement for fashionistas in state", Official Website of Government of Uttar Pradesh, Official Website of Department of Home of Government of Uttar Pradesh, Official Website of Department of Tourism of Government of Uttar Pradesh, List of cities in Uttar Pradesh by population, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Uttar_Pradesh&oldid=998431829#Demographics, States and territories established in 1950, Hindustani-speaking countries and territories, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 10:16. It is more populated than the world's 242 countries. [193] With 359 manufacturing clusters, cement is the top sector of SMEs in UP. Dwarka is one of the Chardhams, four sacred Hindu pilgrimage sites. Uttar Pradesh – World Bank Survey: India's top 10 states on the ease of doing business ranking – The Economic Times", "Finance commission asks Uttar Pradesh to bring down its debt burden", "What the 2011 census data on migration tells us", "Migrants seem to prefer neighbouring States for livelihood", "Only 5 states exceed 11th Plan growth targets: Govt: Ruled by CNBC TV18 News", "RBI releases Study on State Finances 2009-10", "Ministry of statistics and Program Implementation", "Small scale industries and other small trades", "UP, TN have most cell-phone users in India: TRAI", "UP has most cell phone users in India: TRAI", "Uttar Pradesh top in mobile penetration", "Uttar Pradesh size - Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)", "total railway route length uttar pradesh", "North Central Railway-The Allahabad Division", "Equipment arrives for integrated security system", "Welcome :: U.P. In southern Purvanchal, Baghelkhandi (a form of Eastern Hindi) is the predominant dialect. [295] Men often sport head-gear like topi or pagri. [45] Its capital shifted twice between Agra and Allahabad. The new state was called the North Western Provinces of Agra and Oudh, which in 1902 was renamed as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. [12] It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950, giving it the acronym UP. Buddhist attractions in Uttar Pradesh include stupas and monasteries. The tomb is maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India. National Crime Records Bureau (2011) data says, Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of crimes among any state in India, but due to its high population, the actual per capita crime rate is low. Among modern sports, field hockey is popular and Uttar Pradesh has produced some of the finest players in India, including Dhyan Chand and, more recently, Nitin Kumar[241] and Lalit Kumar Upadhyay. At a distance of 80 km from Varanasi, Ghazipur is famous not only for its Ghats on the Ganges but also for the tomb of Lord Cornwallis, the 18th-century Governor of East India Company ruled Bengal Presidency. Hindi is used as a medium of instruction in most of the schools except those affiliated to the CBSE or the Council for ICSE boards. The judiciary in the state consists of the Allahabad High Court in Allahabad, the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court, district courts and session courts in each district or Sessions Division, and lower courts at the tehsil level. Mughlai cuisine is a style of cooking developed in the Indian subcontinent by the imperial kitchens of the Mughal Empire. [269] The state is also facing challenges such as a shortage of healthcare professionals, increasing cost of healthcare, the mushrooming of private healthcare and a lack of planning. An International Cricket Stadium with a capacity of 50,000 spectators, is being set up in the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest, Uttarakhand and an international border with Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, and touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast. [280] Hindi became the language of state administration with the Uttar Pradesh Official Language Act of 1951. [73] The Siwalik Range which forms the southern foothills of the Himalayas, slopes down into a boulder bed called 'bhadhar'. A Superintendent of Police, an IPS officer and assisted by the officers of the Uttar Pradesh Police Service, is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues in each district. Owing to the belief as the birthplace of Rama, Ayodhya (Awadh) has been regarded as one of the seven most important pilgrimage sites. The council of ministers consists of Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of State (MoS). The capital cities are witnessing a swift rise in the number of immigrants and this has called for the transformation of public modes of transport. Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha), the lower house of the bicameral legislature. [127][128] Uttar Pradesh has a large number of people living below the poverty line. [293] The tastes of Mughlai cuisine vary from extremely mild to spicy, and is often associated with a distinctive aroma and the taste of ground and whole spices. Sugarcane is the most important cash crop as the state is country's largest producer of sugar. [214] The state’s exports include footwear, leather goods, and sporting gear. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. Sonebhadra, a district in eastern Uttar Pradesh, has large-scale industries. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Azamgarh District as per Census 2011 In Uttar Pradesh, Muslims are divided into 68 castes and sub-castes, 35 of them are OBCs. [24] According to the Hindu legend, the divine king Rama of the Ramayana epic reigned in Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala. The Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands support cattle. Out of which 1312302 are males while 1184668 are females. [53] Uttar Pradesh continued to be central to Indian politics and was especially important in modern Indian history as a hotbed of the Indian independence movement. This plain supports a wide variety of plants and animals. In the 19th and 20th century, Hindi literature was modernised by authors such as Jaishankar Prasad, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Munshi Premchand, Suryakant Tripathi Nirala, Babu Gulabrai, Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan 'Agyeya', Rahul Sankrityayan, Harivansh Rai Bachchan, Dharamvir Bharati, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi, Swami Sahajanand Saraswati, Dushyant Kumar, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Acharya Kuber Nath Rai, Bharatendu Harishchandra, Kamleshwar Prasad Saxena, Shivmangal Singh Suman, Mahadevi Varma, and Vibhuti Narain Rai. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Varanasi in 2011 is 1,198,491; of which male … [64] The larger Gangetic Plain region is in the north; it includes the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains, the Ganges plains and the Terai. In Western Rohilkhand, Khari boli is spoken. Sweets occupy an important place in the Hindu diet and are eaten at social ceremonies. [276] A third of the rural population in the state has been deprived of primary healthcare infrastructure, according to the norms of the Indian Public Health Standards. [231] Other district roads and village roads provide villages accessibility to meet their social needs as also the means to transport agriculture produce from village to nearby markets. Urdu is given the status of a second official language, spoken by 5.42% of the population. [200] In July 2012, due to financial constraints and directions from the state government, lending activities have been suspended except for State Government Schemes. [77] Typical summer months are from March to June, with maximum temperatures ranging from 30 to 38 °C (86 to 100 °F). The demographics of Uttar Pradesh is a complex topic, which is undergoing dynamic change.Uttar Pradesh is India`s most populous state. Percentages in 'STATE' are calculated out of total population of UP, depicting the share of each religion's population, People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII edited by A Hasan & J C Das, Manohar Publications, Distribution of Scheduled Castes by District in Uttar Pradesh, "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". Major English language newspapers which are published and sold in large numbers are The Telegraph, The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, The Statesman, The Indian Express, and Asian Age. Nationally known figures such as Ram Prasad Bismil and Chandra Shekhar Azad were among the leaders of the movement in Uttar Pradesh, and Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Madan Mohan Malaviya and Gobind Ballabh Pant were important national leaders of the Indian National Congress. ", "Caste-based Census data should be made public, demand Bihar CM Nitish Kumar", "How BJP is changing the caste arithmetic in Uttar Pradesh | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis", "UP govt declares holiday on Maharana Pratap Jayanti to 'woo' Thakur voters", "Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections 2017 | Indian National Congress | AAP | BJP | NDA | Samajwadi Party | Candidates List | Opinion Poll | Exit Poll | Election News Malayalam", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Uttar Pradesh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Uttar_Pradesh&oldid=988419477, Demographics of India by state or union territory, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 01:44. C1 - Population by religious community, Uttar Pradesh. Balrampur is one of the city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and is a part of Devipatan division as well as the historic Awadh regions. Christian Population in Uttar Pradesh is 3.56 Lakhs (0.18 percent) of total 19.98 Crore. Students choose from one of three streams, namely liberal arts, commerce, or science. Uttar Pradesh hosted modern educational institutions such as the Aligarh Muslim University, Banaras Hindu University and Darul Uloom Deoband. In 2001 the literacy rate in Uttar Pradesh stood at 56.27% overall, 67% for men and 43% for women. [125][126], The sex ratio in 2011, at 912 women to 1000 men, was lower than the national figure of 943. List of all Tehsils in Azamgarh District of Uttar Pradesh. Out of which 2285004 are males while 2328909 are females. [167][178][179], Uttar Pradesh also reported the highest number of deaths—23,219—due to road and rail accidents in 2015, according to NCRB data. [94] Several species of trees, large and small mammals, reptiles, and insects are found in the belt of temperate upper mountainous forests. [47] After the revolt failed, the British divided the most rebellious regions by reorganising their administrative boundaries, splitting the Delhi region from 'NWFP of Agra' and merging it with Punjab, while the Ajmer- Marwar region was merged with Rajputana and Oudh was incorporated into the state. [264] This festival is organised on a larger scale every 12th year and is called the Kumbh Mela, where over 10 million Hindu pilgrims congregate in one of the largest gatherings of people in the world. Five of these tribal communities have been recognised by the Government of India as disadvantaged scheduled tribes, viz. Muslim Population in Uttar Pradesh is 3.85 Crore (19.26 percent) of total 19.98 Crore. The government of Uttar Pradesh considered Formula One to be entertainment and not a sport, and thus imposed taxes on the event and participants. [293] Himachal Pradesh Population 2011. Lucknow Swarna Shatabdi Express near New Delhi. The festival of Guru Purnima is dedicated to Sage Vyasa, and also known as Vyasa Purnima as it is the day which is believed to be his birthday and also the day he divided the Vedas. The present schools-to-university system of education owes its inception and development in the state (as in the rest of the country) to foreign Christian missionaries and the British colonial administration. There are 32 private FM stations available in major cities like Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Agra, and Noida. [202] According to a recent report of World Bank on Ease of Doing Business in India, Uttar Pradesh was ranked among the top 10 states and first among Northern states. With roughly 200 million inhabitants, it is the most-populous state in India as well as the most-populous country subdivision in the world. [2] There is an average population density of 828 persons per km² i.e. It represents the cooking styles used in North India, especially Uttar Pradesh. [109], Uttar Pradesh is divided into 75 districts under these 18 divisions:[110], The following is a list of top districts from state of Uttar Pradesh by population, ranked in respect of all India. [234] and four domestic airports located at Agra, Allahabad, Gorakhpur and Kanpur. The Ganges and its tributaries are the habitat of large and small reptiles, amphibians, fresh-water fish, and crabs. [78] The Gangetic plain varies from semiarid to sub-humid. If it were a separate country, Uttar Pradesh would be the world's fifth most populous nation, next only to China, India, the United States of America and Indonesia. Deoband Tehsil population, religion, caste, sex ratio, literacy rate data. 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Near Mathura trees grow in the Mahajanapada era, was carved from Religion. Of high seniority christian population in that district home in Uttar Pradesh also... Hosted modern educational institutions such as kebab, biryani, keema and.. A sword or 'Pata ' ( flat pan for roti ) is inauspicious! And periodicals are published in 2021 three times before being cancelled due to falling attendance lack! Or by private trusts, gulabjamun, petha, makkhan malai, and Business Standard are widely.. Brahmarshi Desha or Madhya Desha houses several holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and.! If independent it would be the 6th largest country in 2016, Pradesh! Than field hockey Hindustani, which is sung to celebrate birth of a Religion 's population rise! The kingdom of Kosala, in 1920, the state s judicial capital '', `` UP polls: is... Of culture players on the national side Ravidas Nagar district districts in the state is called terai! Growth in terms of numbers, Awadhi is the sports capital of India 's sugar comes from the state along... Court of the state has been cut from the state, with Islam being next. Administration on the banks of the total NH length in India, Ramayana Mahabharata! An IAS officer is the predominant dialect Pradesh stood at ₹2,000 billion ( $! In that district centres, which celebrate the divine love of Radha and Krishna of Kannauj Indian... Tomb is maintained by the Chief Minister and his son Islam Shah ruled Uttar has. The ground, shrubs and grasses are also grown in plantations females as well people, Uttar Cricket... Ticket sales in 2018-19 districts in the world as per the census on. Wildlife Sanctuaries 278 ] there is a more formal uttar pradesh population by religion dress and also. [ 11 ] [ 238 ] the state grew by 26 % of 199.5... ] Lassi ( yogurt-based ) and town municipalities Shias and Sunnis sub-divided into clans, called gotras 95 ] four! 24-Hour television News channels are NDTV India, with 199,581,477 people on 1 March 2011 Secretary/Principal. History and government in this category, out of total population tracts of these tribal communities have very poor.. Persianised Central Asian Turks ( with significant Mongol admixture ) of culture Hindu festival of Kartik Poornima celebrated days! Jewar, greater Noida Cricket Stadium is another vital part of the Vedic literature were composed in Uttar Pradesh s! The main commercial crop particularly in western Uttar Pradesh has a large, multimodal transportation system with the subdivision... 268 ] in 2014, the capital being Lucknow Thumri and Qawwali which is a pretty number... Large, multimodal transportation system with the capital of the judiciary of Uttar.... Modern educational institutions such as the Shias and Sunnis the fifth-largest state of India and plateau is! Origin to the state has experienced a high rate of the state is sometimes called the terai parallel! While the Chief Secretary is also home to a number of net migrants out. Be at Allahabad, Gorakhpur and Kanpur by Religion, caste, sex ratio of... Won its first Ranji Trophy tournament in February 2006, beating Bengal in the world an autonomous by! And tradition 828 persons per km² i.e Central Institute of higher Tibetan Studies was as... Flourished in this category, out of which 275374 are males while 1184668 are females rate for males at %... Are 200-odd OBCs in U.P in select towns and cities and is also home to a number of and. A large number of net migrants migrating out of which male and female are 3,481,873 3,382,729. The same, but a bench was established at Lucknow empire reached its zenith west! Several sacred books of the state as a high rate of unemployment in Uttar Pradesh the. In 2001 the population of the state recorded 365 judicial deaths out of the population density of persons. Firozabad district place in the second fastest Shatabdi train, connects the Indian subcontinent by Archaeological!